Movil English™ Book 4

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MOVILENGLISH

BOOK # 4

En esta leccin conjugaremos algunos verbos. Primero estudiaremos algunos verbos IRREGULARES. Segundo algunos verbos REGULARES. Tercero estudiaremos cmo se forma el GERUNDIO del verbo. 1- IRREGULAR VERBS / Verbos irregulares. Fjate que a la tercera persona singular (3ra) se le agrega una s al final, en el tiempo presente.INFINITIVE PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE

TO BUY ComprarI YOU HE-SHE-IT (3ra) WE YOU THEY BUY BUY BUYS BUY BUY BUY BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT1

BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT BOUGHT

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO EAT ComerI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY EAT EAT EATS EAT EAT EAT ATE ATE ATE ATE ATE ATE EATEN EATEN EATEN EATEN EATEN EATEN

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO TAKE TomarI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY TAKE TAKE TAKES TAKE TAKE TAKE2

TOOK TOOK TOOK TOOK TOOK TOOK

TAKEN TAKEN TAKEN TAKEN TAKEN TAKEN

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO SAY DecirI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY SAY SAY SAYS SAY SAY SAY SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID SAID

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO WAKE DespertarI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY WAKE WAKE WAKES WAKE WAKE WAKE WOKE WOKE WOKE WOKE WOKE WOKE WOKEN WOKEN WOKEN WOKEN WOKEN WOKEN

Nota: To wake o To wake up es el mismo verbo.3

2. - REGULAR VERBS / Verbos regulares. Fijate que a la tercera persona singular (3ra) se le agrega una s al final, en el tiempo presente.INFINITIVE PRESENT PAST PARTICIPLE

TO ASK PreguntarI YOU HE-SHE-IT (3ra ) WE YOU THEY ASK ASK ASKS ASK ASK ASK ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED ASKED

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO LISTEN Escuchar

I YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY

LISTEN LISTEN LISTENS LISTEN LISTEN LISTEN4

LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED

LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED LISTENED

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO LIVE VivirI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY LIVE LIVE LIVES LIVE LIVE LIVE LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED LIVED

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO TALK HablarI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY TALK TALK TALKS TALK TALK TALK TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED TALKED

5

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO TRY TratarI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY TRY TRY TRIES TRY TRY TRY TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED TRIED

INFINITIVE

PRESENT

PAST

PARTICIPLE

TO WATCH MirarI YOU HE-SHE-IT WE YOU THEY WATCH WATCH WATCHES WATCH WATCH WATCH WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED WATCHED

6

Nota: Cuando agregamos una ED a un verbo que termina con T o D, pronunciamos la ED como una slaba separada. Ejemplos:

Count Wait

Counted Waited

{ Se pronuncia: count ed } { Se pronuncia: wait ed }

Por el contrario, cuando no termina con T o D, se pronuncia como una sola slaba. Ejemplo: Watch Watched { Se pronuncia: watched }

3. THE GERUND / EL GERUNDIO

Recuerda que en castellano verbos con la terminacin iendo o ando , estan en la forma de gerundio, tales como: Escrib - iendo. Cocin - ando.

En ingls se usa la terminacin ing para formar el gerundio.Veamos los siguientes ejemplos:

TO DOHACER

DO-INGHAC-IENDO

Doing

I AM DOING THIS FOR YOU.YO ESTOY HACIENDO ESTO PARA TI.7

En ingls se usa la terminacin ing para formar el gerundio.

TO COOKCOCINAR

COOK-INGCOCIN-ANDO

WHAT ARE YOU COOKING?QUE ESTAS COCINANDO?

TO KEEPMANTENER

KEEP-INGMANTEN-IENDO

I AM KEEPING MY WEIGHT OFF.YO ESTOY MANTENIENDO MI PESO.

TO GOIR

GO-INGYENDO

SHE IS GOING TO CANADA.ELLA ESTA YENDO A CANADA.

NOTA:

Con algunos verbos tenemos que cambiar un poco su raz antes de poner la terminacin ing.Veamos:8

TO LETDEJAR

LETT-INGDEJ-ANDO

I AM LETTING YOU KNOW THAT I WILL COME TO THE PARTY.YO TE ESTOY DEJANDO SABER QUE VENDRE A LA FIESTA.

TO COMEVENIR

COM-INGVIN-IENDO

WHAT DIRECTION ARE YOU COMING FROM? DE QUE DIRECCION ESTAS VINIENDO?

TO STUDYESTUDIAR

STUDY-INGESTUDI-ANDO

THEY ARE STUDYING TOGETHER.ELLOS ESTAN ESTUDIANDO JUNTOS.

TO COMPLETECOMPLETAR

COMPLET-INGCOMPLET-ANDO

FINALLY I AM COMPLETING MY WORK.FINALMENTE ESTOY COMPLETANDO MI TRABAJO.

Los verbos son muy importantes. Que te parece si los repasas?

9

Now we are ready to learn more " Auxiliary verbs ".Ahora aprendamos mas "Verbos auxiliares". WILL, SHALL, MAY, MIGHT, CAN, COULD, MUST,TO HAVE TO, OUGHT TO, SHOULD, WOULD, USED TO y NEED.

1. - WILL o SHALL Veamos cmo usarlos y la diferencia entre ellos. Will o Shall + el infinitivo del verbo, son usados para formar el futuro.Veamos:

WILL indica algo que nos proponemos de hacer en el futuro.Ejemplos:

We will go home for Christmas.Nosotros iremos a casa para Navidad.

_________________________________________________________

I will buy that dress next month.Yo comprar ese vestido el proximo mes.

_________________________________________________________

Simon will sing my song.Simn cantar mi cancin.

_________________________________________________________

Carlas boyfriend will be at the party.El novio de Carla estar en la fiesta.

_________________________________________________________10

SHALL indica una obligacin o promesa de algo que haremos en el futuro. Ejemplos: We shall go home for Christmas.Iremos a casa para Navidad.

{ obligacin }

____________________________________________________________ I shall buy that dress next month.Comprar el vestido el prximo mes.

{ promesa }

____________________________________________________________ I shall tell all I know.Dir todo lo que s.

____________________________________________________________

She shall study more for the next test.Ella estudiar ms para el prximo examen. ____________________________________________________________

2. - MAY y MIGHT. Veamos en qu ocaciones los usamos. MAY, expresa el sentido de permiso o de posibilidad de hacer algo. Ejemplos: Christian may come for dinner tonight.Christian puede que venga a cenar esta noche.

{ posibilidad }

____________________________________________________ May I stay at his house tonight?Puedo quedarme en su casa esta noche?

{ permiso }

____________________________________________________________

Christian may not come for dinner tonight. {Christian puede que no venga esta noche a cenar.

posibilidad } "negativa"

____________________________________________________________11

MIGHT expresa el sentido de una posibilidad futura de hacer algo. Ejemplos: It might snow tomorrow.Puede nevar maana.

____________________________________________________________

We might go next Sunday to visit you.Puede que vayamos el prximo domingo a visitarte.

____________________________________________________________

END VIDEO 5. START VIDEO 6, VOLUMEN 6

3. - CAN y COULD Can y Could se usan para expresar: Capacidad, permiso o posibilidad. With CAN. Ejemplos: Sebastian can ski very well.Sebastian puede esquiar muy bien.

{ capacidad }

____________________________________________________________ Mom, can I go skiing with Sebastian tomorrow? { permiso }Mam, Puedo ir a esquiar con Sebastian maana?

____________________________________________________________ Sebastian can be boring sometimes.Sebastian puede ser aburrido a veces.

{posibilidad }

____________________________________________________________

12

COULD se usa tambin en lugar de Can, para expresarnos en una manera ms formal. Ejemplos: Could I talk to you for a moment, please?Podra hablar con usted un momento, por favor?

_________________________________________________________

Could you bring her a glass of milk, please?Podra traerle un vaso de leche, por favor?

_________________________________________________________

Ntese que, Can y Could, NO se usan en el futuro. Su futuro se crea con: " Will be able to".

Veamos algunos tiempos en las formas positiva y negativa.Ejemplos:

Futuro Afirmativo Negativo I will not be able to finish on time.No podr acabar a tiempo.

* I will be able to finish on time.Podr acabar a tiempo.

____________________________________________________________

* They will be able to run again.Podrn correr otra vez.

They will not be able to run again.No podrn correr otra vez.

13

Pasado Afirmativo Negativo

* I could finish on time.Yo pude terminar a tiempo.

I could not finish on time.Yo no pude terminar a tiempo.

____________________________________________________________

* They could run again.Ellos pudieron correr de nuevo.

They could not run again.Ellos no pudieron correr de nuevo.

____________________________________________________________

Presente Afirmativo Negativo I can not finish on time.Yo no puedo terminar a tiempo.

* I can finish on time.Yo puedo terminar a tiempo.

____________________________________________________________

* They can run again.Ellos pueden correr de nuevo.

They cant run again.Ellos no pueden correr de nuevo.

____________________________________________________________

Ntese que, Can not, se abrevia, Cant.14

La forma interrogativa de Can y Cant es la siguiente.Preguntas con Can y Can't, en forma afirmativa y negativa. Ejemplos:

Affirmative form. Can I go home earlier today ?Puedo ir a casa ms temprano hoy?

____________________________________________________________

Can you help me, please?Me puedes ayudar, por favor?

____________________________________________________________

Negative form. Cant they run again ?No pueden ellos correr de nuevo?

____________________________________________________ Cant Luisa do it for me?No puede Luisa hacerlo por m?

____________________________________________________________

Practica escribiendo preguntas usando CAN y CANT, con otros verbos.15

4. - MUST y TO HAVE TO

Must y To have To se usan para expresar: Una obligacin o necesidad.

Ntese que MUST se usa slo en el tiempo presente, en los otros tiempos usamos " Have to ".Ejemplos:

Presente Afirmativo I must stay.Yo debo quedarme.

Negativo I mustnt stay.Yo no debo quedarme.

Interrogativo Must I stay?Debo quedarme?

She must go.Ella debe ir.

She mustnt go.Ella no debe ir.

Must she go?Debe ir ella?

Recuerda de estudiar paso a paso. No te apresures y repasa lo que estudiastes.16

VEAMOS AHORA CUANDO USAMOS HAD TO o HAVE TO

Pasado AfirmativoI had to stay.Yo tuve que quedarme

NegativoI didnt have to stay.Yo no tuve que quedarme.

InterrogativoDid I have to stay?Tuve que quedarme?

___________________________________________________________ She had to go.Ella tuvo que ir.

She didnt have to go.Ella no tuvo que ir.

Did she have to go?Tuvo que ir ella?

Futuro AfirmativoI will have to stay.Tendr que quedarme.

NegativoI wont have to stay.No tendr que quedarme.

InterrogativoWill I have to stay?Tendr que quedarme?

_________________________________________________________ She will have to go.Ella tendr que ir.

She wont have to go.Ella no tendr que ir.

Will she have to go?Tendr ella que ir?

Ntese que la forma negativa de will es will not y se abrevia wont.17

5.-

SHOULD y OUGHT TO

Should y Ought to se usan para: Expresar una obligacin moral, para dar un consejo, o para una probabilidad. 1st.Como una obligacin moral.Ejemplos:

You should be thankful.Deberas de estar agradecido.

I should go to help them.Debera de ir a ayudarlos.

Good friends ought to help their friends.Buenos amigos deberan ayudarse mutuamente.

2nd .Para dar un consejo.Ejemplos:

You ought to eat healthier.Deberas comer ms saludable.

They shouldnt drive if they drink.No deberan manejar si beben.

We should go home earlier.18

Deberamos ir a casa ms temprano.

3rd. Probalidad.Ejemplos:

It should be a nice day tomorrow.Maana debera ser un dia hermoso.

Mark should arrive before lunch.Mark debera llegar antes del almuerzo.

We ought to go out to a movie tonight.Deberamos ir a ver una pelcula a la noche.

Ahora veamos cmo usar should y ought to en la forma afirmativa y negativa. La forma afirmativa se construye as: Subject +ms SHOULD \ Ought to +ms Infinitive of verb.Ejemplos:

I SHOULD take a chance.Debera arriesgarme.

You ought to drive only when sober.Deberas manejar slo cuando ests sobrio.19

La forma negativa se construye as: Subject +ms Should Not \ Ought Not to + ms Infinitive of verbEjemplos:

I shouldnt take a chance.No debera arriesgarme.

You ought not to drink and drive.No deberas de beber y manejar.

La forma interrogativa es diferente, ya que ought to slo se usa para hacer preguntas en forma negativa.Ejemplo:

Oughtnt you tell them?No deberas contarles?

Usamos should tambin para hacer preguntas, en la siguiente manera: Should +ms subject +ms verb in the infinitiveEjemplo:

Should you drink if you are driving ?Deberas beber si manejas?20

6. -

WOULD

Would se usa en frases condicionales con: Rather, Mind y Like.

Estamos usando smbolos como: + que significa, ms.

= que significa, igual.

Would con el condicional.El Presente Condicional se forma con:

1st Would + Infinitivo {without to}Ejemplos:

=

Present Conditional.

I would buy it. I would to buy itVeamos otros ejemplos:

{ correcto } { incorrecto }

If I had the energy I would run in the marathon.Si tuviera energa correra en el maratn.

She would visit me often if she didnt live so far away.Ella me visitara ms a menudo si no viviera tan lejos.21

2nd Would + haveEjemplos:

+

past participle = Past Contitional.

I would have run the marathon if I had the energy.Habra corrido el maratn si yo hubiera tenido energa.

She would have visited me often, if she hadn't lived

so far away.Ella me habra visitado a menudo, si no hubiera vivido tan lejos.

Would + Rather. I would rather. = I prefer to. Y se abrevia . . . Id rather.Ejemplos:

Hed rather live in the city than in the country.A l le gustara ms vivir en la ciudad que en el campo.

Mr. Miranda would rather have the meeting at 5pm.El Sr. Miranda preferira tener la reunin a las 5pm.

Daniel would rather if you buy him a shirt.A Daniel le gustara ms si le compras una camisa.22

Would + mind.

Esta es una forma cortes de pedir permiso, o de que alguien haga algo por ti. Ejemplos: Would you mind if I call you tonight?Te importara si te llamo esta noche?

Would you mind bringing me a glass of water?Te importara traerme un vaso de agua?

Would Ignacio mind driving me to the airport? Le importara a Ignacio llevarme al aeropuerto?

Would + like

Tambin se usa en frases formales y expresa deseo de algo. Ejemplos:

Would you like to dance with me?Quisieras bailar conmigo?

I would like to tal...

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